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Imprisoned, disappeared, or hacked to death, because internet

The following is a list of individuals known to have been put in danger by their internet activities.

UPDATES (added from the top):

• China kidnappings in Hong Kong.  Five individuals of the Causeway Bay Books disappearances: Gui Minhai, 桂敏海or 桂民海a Chinese-born Swedish bookseller, Lam Wingkei / Lam Wing-kee (林榮基 ) (stub), book store general manager Lui Bo/Paul Lee and business manager Cheung Jiping, disappeared in Hong Kong and believed to be kidnapped by China. “Lui Por, general manager of the Mighty Current publishing house” reappeared 2016. Fifth disappearance chief editor Lee Bo, disappeared 2915. Statement by human rights activist Albert Ho (Chinese: 何俊仁) (BBC).

• Germans arrested in Turkey.  Deniz Yucel, Peter Steudtner, Dogan Akhanli, (CNN), taxi driver Ilhami A, (Reuters) “terrorist propaganda”, and 12 political arrests relating to social media of German citizens in Turkey.

Jamal Khashoggi.

From Foreign Policy:

When it comes to security, activists in the Arab world are not only worried now about the dangers from their own governments that view them as threats, whether they live at home or abroad. They are also worried about the recklessness of outsiders who might unwittingly—or otherwise—expose them to unnecessary risks.

Many commentators, myself included, have pointed out that it was completely inappropriate for comments that were given by Khashoggi off the record to be revealed in print after he disappeared in Istanbul. Thomas Friedman did so in his New York Times column, and the BBC did much the same.

from Slate:

I’ve heard of seminars in autocratic states where the speaker has made it clear they need it to be a closed event—and organizers overrule them. I’ve heard of private workshops where participants are clear that they cannot have delegates from the embassies of certain countries—and they’re ignored. I’ve heard of interviewees in dictatorships who were clear that their comments were off the record—but the interviewer identified them anyway. Anyone who has ever felt the grip of an authoritarian system, be it Saudi, Turkish, Russian, or Chinese, understands the need for these precautions. But often, outsiders arrogantly believe they know better….

Here is the reality for those who do work on authoritarian states, particularly those who are from those states or live in those states: They take it for granted that their phones might be tapped, that their online data might be hacked, that they might be arrested while working in those states or upon arrival in airports or deported for their opinions. They also know that far worse may take place.

• Germans in Turkey.  Dozens of German citizens imprisoned in Turkey for online criticism of Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan’s government.  New travel warning update issued by the German government on 10-23-2018: “Arrests and prosecutions frequently related to social media posts that were critical of the government. In some cases merely ‘liking’ another’s post of that nature is enough.”

Eman Al Nafjan, Saudi teacher and linguistics student.  Blogs as “Saudiwoman”.  In 2011 she drove a car in Riyadh as part of women’s driving campaign. Secretly arrested along with driving advocate Loujain al-Hathloul and at least three others. Tweets on a daily basis, last tweet was May 15. (Added 5/18/2018)

• Maryam Mombeini ( مریم ممبینی), wife of Iranian-Canadian professor Kavous Seyed-Emami, ( کاووس سیدامامی) (NYT) has been detained in Iran after the mysterious prison death of her husband in February. The arrest was not announced and the death was not confirmed by official sources.  The professor’s two sons were allowed to leave the country March 7, 2018 but at the last minute Maryam was detained at the airport. (Added 3/8/2018)

Sattar Beheshti (ستار بهشتی ) “was an Iranian blogger who died in early November 2012 several days after being arrested by the Iranian Cyber Police unit for criticizing the government of the Islamic Republic on Facebook…” (Added 3/8/2018)

• Wu Xiangyang, China, five and a half years in prison (Guardian, the Economist) for VPN service that allows people behind China’s Great Firewall to access websites like Google, Facebook, YouTube and Instagram. To all the people who have argued with me about the safety of VPN’s:  I TOLD YOU SO. When I was in China, I was able to access Wikipedia, including the Tienanmen Square article, but not Facebook, although a Chinese person did approach me to friend them on FB.  This was before Wikipedia was blocked in China.  I also used Google Translate extensively for banking and accommodation.  For anyone who is wondering whether it is safe to edit Wikipedia while logged out, let me just say that after I made an edit about a human rights violation, from inside a country bordering China, that I was immediately checkusered and blocked, without any sockpuppet investigation, by an admin from China, whose early edits to Wikipedia under a different user name were to a prestigious secondary school in China used by China’s ruling class, and who has apparently been a grad student in the US for the last 12 years.  In spite of my inquiries to UTRS, this individual still has checkuser rights, and will not hesitate to destroy a clean block log, which will permanently blacklist you from any future relationship you might have with Wikipedia. (added 1/6/2018)

• Ahmed Mansoor, Emirati telecommunications engineer, in UAE prison for unspecified social media comments. (Aljazeera, BBC, ABC); 2015 Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders (Amnesty international) see Wikipedia UAE Five. Via EFF’s “A Grim Year for Imprisoned Technologists: 2017 In Review” which also names imprisoned open source software developer Dmitry Bogatov, (no Wikipedia article), of Moscow’s Finance and Law University who ran a volunteer Tor relay, Egyptian software developer Alaa abd el-Fattah, and Canadian-Iranian open source coder Saeed Malekpour, imprisoned when he visited Iran to see his dying father, now in prison for 10 years. (Added 12/28/2017.)

• Osama Al-Najjar, 25 year old from UAE, objected on Twitter to the arrest of his father as one of the UAE 94. He remains in prison in Abu Dhabi seven months after completing his sentence. The UAE 94 are Islamists with ties to Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood which is banned in the UAE. Added 11/29/2017.

• Naima Al-Matrood, Saudi internet activist, she was sentenced to six years on prison on 10 November 2017, “violating public order by creating two social networking accounts on Twitter and Facebook to demand the release of some detainees”, arrested in Dammam (eastern Shiite region) but tried in the Specialised Criminal Court (SCC) in Riyadh (central Sunni region). Identified by the Gulf Centre for Human Rights (GCHR) which objects to trying activists in courts like SCC that handle “terrorism” cases. GCHR has offices in Copenhagen and Beirut; it is a non-profit. Added 11/29/2017.

Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh (“Mother Mushroom”) from Vietnam, sentenced to 10 years in prison after posting to Facebook about a toxic waste spill. On Nov 27, 2017, another critic of the steel mill spill, Nguyen Van Hoa was given 10 years. Added 11/28/2017.

14 Saudi Shiites from the eastern provinces, using Facebook and their Blackberries to photograph and/or send photographs of demonstrations. Tortured to extract confessions and sentenced to death. Some or possibly all underage juveniles.   Added 8/6/2017.

• Bassel Khartabil’s death confirmed. Added 8/4/2017

Noura_Ghazi_el_20_de_octubre_de_2011 1I note in passing that Khartabil’s wife Noura Ghazi is a human rights attorney in her own right, and comes from a family with a history of defending civil rights. The article I wrote for her on simple.wiki back in March 2016 has gotten over 160 page views in the last 3 days, so people are turning to Wikipedia for information about her, but she still has no article of her own on the English or Arabic Wikipedia.

Bassel_Safadi,_Seoul,_2010 1Beyond that, while it is interesting to have a martyr to the open source cause, this does nothing to propel forward the work that Kartabil was doing, in particular with #NEWPALMRYA. I note that there is now a memorial fund for continuing this work, but no one seems to have stopped to think of the implications for any people working on such a project. Khartabil is not the first martyr to the enemies of the middle east’s non-Islamic cultural heritage. Palmyra’s 81-year-old director of antiquities, Khaled al-Asaad, died horribly and his body was publicly displayed for days. I know firsthand the WMF’s cavalier attitude to volunteer safety, as I myself have been doxed repeatedly by Wikimedians in a position of authority, who had absolutely no excuse for doing so, other than believing they could get away with it. It’s time to tighten up the privacy policies and enforcement before we find ourselves with more Bassels.

Taimoor Raza, Pakistan, sentenced to death for blasphemy based on Facebook. Raza is Shia, Pakistan is predominately Sunni. VOA, Guardian, etc. Added 6/12/2017.

Ahmad Al Shamri, Saudi Arabia, (now on enwiki) death sentence about atheism on Twitter. WaPo, &c, &c  Added 4/27/2017.

Sina Dehghan, Iran, “interrogated”, promised to be freed if he signed a confession; after he signed, he was sentenced to death.  Accused of using LINE instant messaging application to make critical comments about Koran and Islam.  In 2015, LINE (WP article) announced that it added end-to-end encryption, however in 2016 was given an ultimatum by Iran ‘to cooperate in censorship or face blocking’. Via JWF.  Added 4/13/2017.

Merzoug Touati, Algerian blogger, imprisoned after an interview with an Israeli official over Skype. From JWF, lots of other sources in French.  added 2/10/2017

Nabeel Rajab, Bahrain, Twitter, president of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights (BCHR), opposes war in Yemen https://www.rt.com/news/372069-activist-rajab-bahrain-released/

Golrokh Ebrahimi Iraee, Iran, Facebook, wrote an unpublished short story about stoning,  JWF, &c. &c. added 12/28/2016


In 2006, Abdelaziz Bouteflika announced a change in the constitution to allow the president to remain in office indefinitely.

Mohamed Tamalt, Algerian blogger, imprisoned under Algeria’s cybercrime law after a poem on FB about president Abdellaziz Boueflika, died in a coma after a 3 month hunger strike.  JWF. Guardian. Abdelaziz has limited speech and mobility due to health problems and is represented publicly by his deputies. Reported 12/11/2016.

Max Bokayev ( Макс Боқаев ) and Talgat Ayan ( Талғат Аян ) , Kazakhstan, sentenced on November 28, 2016 to 5 years after organizing protests on FB. JWFin Kazakh added 12/04/2016

Souad al-Shammary, سعاد الشمري Saudi Islamic scholar and women’s rights activist, imprisoned at Jiddah’s Briman prison on October 28, 2014 without trial, released January 29, 2015 at the same time Saudi Arabia’s new King Salman granted general amnesty for a large number of prisoners. Co-founded (BBCNews, the Guardian) Free Saudi Liberals Network with Raif Badawi, who is still imprisoned. For some reason this two-year-old story is re-emerging now.  ABCWorld Religion News, short profile on Front Line DefendersThe New Yorker, Middle East Eye, Al-Arabiya (2014), Pravda (in Russian, re-tweeting from AP Nov 2016).  New York Times and WaPo,  (Nov 2016 republished from the AP) arwiki (same person?) Added 11/19/2016.  This is curious, as of 4/18/2017, a number of these articles, including ABC News, Washington Post, and New York Times have been scrubbed.  Mission accomplished? Ah, but it says she threatened to sue Sheik Adel al-Kalbani [link] [link] [link] after Al Kalbani prayed that Suad lose the use of her hand and her eyesight.

Majed Al-Anizi,  ماجد العنزي Saudi YouNow  “يو ناو” video blogger, details and timeline unclear, arrested sometime before Abu Sin, probably October 2016. Saudi Gazette, al bawaba, al Arabiya English. Video of a conversation with an American named Katie went viral on Snapchat السناب شات , raising a very big buzz on social networking sites, especially Twitter (Ar) HuffPo. Added 10/23/2016

Abu Sin, أبوسن screen name of a Saudi Arabian video blogger, who faces three years in prison after appearing in video chats with Californian Christina Crockett @christinac842 Arrested while livestreaming from a car.   Video of arrest: (police car appears at about 7:00)Guardian, Saudi Gazette, and multiple others. Released on bail 10/6/16. Added 10/5/2016.

Nahed Hattar, ناهض حتّر , ناهض حتر Jordanian writer, arrested August 2016 after posting a cartoon to Facebook, killed in Amman on his way to court. BBCNews, Jordan Times, al-Rai and al-Jazeera (Arabic language) , Article 150 & 273 & 278 (Ar), of Jordanian penal code. https://twitter.com/clifferdson/status/779981072545161217 (added 9/25/2016)

Roya Saberinejad Nobakht, Farsi: رویا صابری نژاد نوبخت a British/Iranian, arrested at the airport when she went back to Iran to visit her parents in 2013, imprisoned  in Evin Prison, after she posted on Facebook that Iran was “too Islamic”. JIMAC, Guardian, Jimmy Wales Foundation, Independent, MEN.  Article on Farsi WP.  (Added 8/24/2016).

Scott Richards on FBqambar camp richardsScott Richards, سكوت ريتشاردز , a British/Australian  in Dubai, arrested  after raising money on Facebook for blankets for a refugee camp in Afghanistan where 100 children froze to deathBBC, Time, the Independent, ABC (Australia), the Telegraph, Grunaid.  Richards’ wife is allowed to bring him money once a week so he can buy water.  Refugee camp donations here.  Ar: BBC HuffPo Added August 19, 2016. Released on bail 23/Aug/2016. Charges dropped Sept 2016 https://7days.ae/charity-case-scott-richards-dubai-dropped

Tarek Alghorani - We wish to detain or we want prisoners.jpgTarek Alghorani, Syrian blogger.  In 2008 was sentenced to 7 years after blogging about the president, Bashar al-Assad, tortured in Sednaya Prison, released in 2011. Now lives in Tunis.

Mohamed Cheikh Ould Mkhaitir, محمد الشيخ ولد امخيطير  Mauritania blogger, sentenced to death for an article about Mohammad. H/T: Jimmy Wales Foundation.   Added 4/26/2016

Nazimuddin Samad, নাজিমুদ্দিন সামাদ।  Bangladesh, criticized Islamicism on Facebook, hacked with a machete and shot to death.   The Guardian. #NazimuddinSamadAmnesty International. BBC News. One in a series of attacks. CNN. (Added 4/7/2016)

Alaa Brinji علاء برنجي Saudi journalist, Twitter. BBC News. The IndependentAmnesty International. Under arrest since May 13 May 2014 (Reporters Without Borders) (Added 3/27/2016)

Their Weapons vs Our Weapons - Egypt, 2011 - photo Suzee In The City.jpgEsraa el-Taweel اسراء_الطويل , Egyptian activist and photojournalist. Disappeared, discovered in prison, wrote a letter detailing conditions for women in prison that was smuggled out, then released. Charges included “spreading false news through her social media account”. Prison letters published by her sister on FB at “اسراء الطويل فين – Where is Esraa Eltaweel“. (added 1/28/2016)

Hossein Ronaghi حسین رونقی, Iranian blogger in prison and denied medical treatment. (added 1/26/2016)

Keywan Karimi کیوان کریمی, Iranian film maker. Imprisoned in Iran. Petition from filmmakers. (added 1/26/2016)

Graffiti in Syria - A salute to the freedom of the mediaZahra Kazemi زهرا کاظمی , Canadian-Iranian photojournalist.  She was tortured to death in prison. (added 1/26/2016)

Sattar Beheshti ستار بهشتی was an Iranian blogger who died in prison after posting to Facebook. (added 1/19/2016)

Hossein Ronaghi-Maleki (حسین رونقی), Iranian blogger. His father, Ahmad Ronaghi-Maleki, was sentenced to 4 months in prison after giving interviews about his son. (added 1/19/2016)


Samar Badawi accepts the International Women of Courage Award from Michelle Obama and Hillary Clinton in 2012.

Samar Badawi سمر بدوي, Saudi activist for voting and driving rights, sister of imprisoned blogger Raif Badawi, and former wife of Waleed Abulkhair. It is thought she was accused of Tweeting from Waleed Abu al-Khair’s Twitter account. Released the next day, on Jan 13. Added Jan. 12, 2016

Ruqia Hassan  رقية حسن محمد , Syrian journalist from Raqqan who posted to Facebook under the pen name  Nissan Ibrahim نيسان ابراهيم , killed in September 2015 by ISIS. Also NYT. Added 1/6/2016

Vadim Tyumentsev, Вадим Тюменцев 5-year jail term in Russia for posts on YouTube and Vkontakte, Russia’s version of Facebook.myanmar green uniform

Color of Burma’s new army uniforms compared to Aung San Suu Kyi’s longi

Chaw Sandi Tun jailed in Myanmar/Burma after a photo appeared on her Facebook page comparing the color of the new army uniforms to Aung San Suu Kyi’s longi. (She says her FB was hacked, IME not at all surprising to have some external interference to FB in Asia.) H/T JWF. Added 12/31/2015.  [Image on right]

Igor Sychev, Игоря Сычева ethnic Russian blogger from Kazakhstan Казахстан
who moderated an unnamed social networking site that published a poll on whether the region should join Russia. Sentenced to 5 years in jail. H/T JWF. Added 12/31/2015.

Yermek Tachibekov, Ермек Тайчибеков  pro-Russian blogger jailed/on trial in Kazakhstan. Russian WP. Added 12/31/2015.

Hamid Buyabes, Hamid Turki Buyabs  حامد تركي بويابس editor in chief  رئيس تحرير of the Kuwait people’s newspaper جريدة الشعب الكويتية   jailed in Kuwait for comments about Saudi Arabia on Twitter, according to the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information – ANHRI. H/T JWF.  On February 7, 2017, according to ANHRI,  acquitted of the “state security” charge, fined 10 thousand dinars (33 thousand and four hundred dollars) over the case of “misusing the phone”. Added 12/31/2015.

Nadia Vera, activist with #Yo Soy 132, was murdered, on July 31, 2015, along with photojournalist Rubén Espinosa, who had taken a controversial photo of a political figure, Yesenia Quiroz, Mile Virginia Martín, and Alejandra Negrete. Added 12/5/2015.

•Sara al-Drees (ar:سارة الدريس) jailed in Kuwait. TwitterBio at International Prize for Arabic Fiction.  Arabic Wikipedia. Simple English Wikipedia. H/T Jimbo at Jimmy Wales Foundation.  Added 11/27/2015.

•Four individuals in Hong Kong believed disappeared by China: Gui Minhai, Lui Bo, Cheung Jiping, and Lam Wingkei .  They are associated with a bookstore and publishing house that produces books critical of China, and are listed here because of China’s lack of internet access.

Faisal Arefin Dipon, hacked to death in Bangladesh.  WP: link  Added October 31, 2015.

jimbo wikimania venezuelaB

Jimmy Wales shows an endangering photo at Wikimania 2015

Anonymous photographer in Venezuela, per Jimmy Wales’ speech at Wikimania 2015.

This individual had to leave the country after they started receiving threats, also threats to their family. This individual was not politically active, but was only uploading photographs.

Niloy Chakrabarti, whose pen name was Niloy Neel – the fourth Bangladeshi blogger hacked to death by Islamists – was killed August 7, 2015.  Before his death, he had requested police protection. Two suspects have been arrested, one of them out on bail after being charged with attempted murder of blogger Asif Mohiuddin in 2013.


This is the original piece (below), as of May 2015. Updates are added at the top.


Samira Salih al-Nuaimi – lawyer and human rights activist. In 2014 she used Twitter to criticize the Islamic State for destroying mosques and shrines. Kidnapped and tortured for five days, then executed by firing squad.

free raif

Saudi blogger Raif Badawi

Raif Badawi – blogger, created website Free Saudi Liberals, jailed in 2015 for “insulting Islam through electronic channels”.

Waleed Abulkhair – Raif Badawi’s attorney. Imprisoned.

Hamza Kashgari – jailed for Twitter posts about the Prophet’s birthday. Released in 2013.

Iman al-Qahtani – female Saudi journalist who covered the 2013 trial of Saudi dissidents Mohammed Fahad al-Qahtani and Abdullah al-Hamidin. In Saudi Arabia, trials are not public, and women are not allowed in the same meeting room with men (this is prohibited “mingling”). Last message on Twitter, while trying to leave the country, saying she had been subjected to a travel ban. Disappeared in 2013.

Mohammed Fahad al-Qahtani – Saudi dissident (ACPRA). Imprisoned.

Abdullah al-Hamid – Saudi dissident (ACPRA). Imprisoned.

Mohammed al-Bajadi – Saudi dissident (ACPRA). Imprisoned.

Matrouk al-Faleh – Saudi attorney for ACPRA’s  Abdullah al-Hamid and his brother Issa al-Hamid. Imprisoned.

Abdulaziz al-Hussan – Saudi attorney for ACPRA’s Mohammad al-Qahtani and Abdullah al-Hamid. Exiled in Indiana. Twitter.

Ananta Bijoy Das – Bangladesh, secularist blogger. Hacked to death by four attackers in masks.

Avijit Roy – blogger. A Bangladeshi-born US citizen. Stabbed to death.

Washiqur Rahman – Bangladesh, atheist blogger. Hacked to death.

Nguyen Van Hai, Ta Phong Tan, and Phan Thanh Hai – Vietnamese anti-corruption bloggers.  Jailed.

35 bloggers jailed in Vietnam.

A group of Ethiopian bloggers – jailed. Twitter.

Austin Tice – American freelance journalist missing in Syria. Twitter.

Four reporters in Myanmar/Burma – Unity Journal.

Ghazi Beji and Jabeur Mejri – Tunisia. Posting nude cartoons of Mohammed. Beji escaped to Europe, Mejri released from prison in 2014.

Philip Blackwood (New Zealand), U Tun Thurein and U Htut Ko Ko Lwin (Burma) – imprisoned for posting an image of Buddha wearing headphones to promote Buddha Bar. Facebook.

buddha bar arrest

Philip Blackwood arrested in Burma

Missing but for “wrong religion”, rather than internet activity:

  • Greek Orthodox Bishop Boulos Yazigi
  • Syriac Orthodox Bishop Yohanna Ibrahim

“Syria’s Grand Mufti Ahmed Badreddin Hassoun reported in June in Moscow that former US Justice Minister Ramsey Clark had confirmed that one of the bishops had been treated in a clinic in Ankara and later returned to the abductors. The Turkish security forces know where the bishops are, says Hassoun.

“In December 2015, reports circulated that both bishops had been killed. In October 2016 news reappeared, according to which the bishops lived in Rakka. A Syrian clergyman, who has been involved for years in the liberation of abducted Christians in Syria, confirmed this message from the Catholic News Agency (KNA).

“But even in this case, any evidence such as photos or personal explanations of the abducted are missing.” [Source]


Ananta Bijoy Das

Ananta Bijoy Das 1

Ananta Bijoy Das

Ananta Bijoy Das (Bengali: অনন্ত বিজয় দাশ ) (1982—2015 [1]) was a secular blogger from Bangladesh.[2] In February 2015, he left his house in Sylhet to go to work at a bank. Four men with masks attacked him near his house and killed him with machetes.[3][4]

Das wrote about science, and he was critical of religious fundamentalism, but he was not against religion. Two other writers, Avijit Roy and Washiqur Rahman, were also killed in Bangladesh after they wrote about secular themes.[5]



Ananta Bijoy Das giving autograph to Avijit Roy

Ananta Bijoy Das (left) giving autograph to Avijit Roy

Das wrote for Avijit Roy‘s blog Mukto-Mona (Free Thinkers).[6] He also was editor for a local science magazine, Jukti (“Reason”). He wrote several books, including a book about Charles Darwin.[6]

Das was an activist in Ganajagaran Mancha, a group that wanted to end Islamist parties.[7] He was also the head of the Science and Rationalist Council.[8]

In 2005, Das organized a small group of free-thinkers in Sylhet. Most of them were students of Shahjalal University of Science and Technology. They organized study groups, translated books into Bengali, and wrote essays. they talked about science, pseudo-science, religion, sexuality, politics, and world history.[1]

Many people were not happy about the free-thinkers. Homeopathy practitioners wanted to sue them. Many people were unhappy about their essays critical of Hinduism. Others were not happy about their talk of sexuality, a taboo subject in Bangladesh. Das’s book about the Soviet Union made the leftists unhappy. The Islamist students of the science and technology university were very unhappy.[1]


According to Reporters Without Borders, a group called Defenders of Islam wrote a “hit list” of bloggers. There were 84 names on the list. Eight of the 84 bloggers are now dead.[6] After the attack on Avijit Roy, Das received more threats about his writing.[9] In March 2015, Ananta was on a new hit list of a group called Ansarullah Bangla Team, and he wrote to the IHEU, ““It seems to me I am one of the targets . I am not sure how long I will hide myself. But I am sure If they will find me they will do what they did with Mr. Avijit Roy. My life is seriously unsecured . I am not sure how can I protect myself & my family.” [10]

When some people attacked Asif Mohiuddin‘s house, Mohiuddin tried to help Das get out of the country. Mohiuddin helped him with his papers and gave them to some organizations to get him out. Mohiuddin was attacked in 2013, and was able to get out of the country.[11]

Das planned to visit Sweden in May 2015, for World Press Freedom Day. The Swedish chapter of PEN, an international writers group, invited him.[12] The Swedish Embassy in Dhaka refused the visa. They said he might try to stay in Sweden.[13][14] Ananta Bijoy Das and another author translated the book “Am I a Monkey?: Six Big Questions About Evolution” by Spanish-American evolutionary biologist and philosopher Francisco J. Ayala into Bengali. A few months after Das was murdered, the other writer was able to get to Sweden.[1]

Das died at the age of 32 [13] on May 12, 2016. The next day, secularists marched in the city of Sylhet to protest his death.[15]

In August 2015, Bangladeshi police arrested three men for the murder of Das and Avijit Roy.[16] Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS), posted a video on an extremist website saying they were responsible for the death of Avijit Roy and others. The video said their leader ordered the deaths. The police in Bangladesh said it was probably a local group called Ansarullah Bangla Team with about 100 members.[17]


In 2006, the blog Mukto-Mona gave Das their “Rationalist Award”.[18]

Selected writings

  • পার্থিব (co-author) Worldly or Nothing is divine (2011)
  • ডারউইন : একুশ শতকে প্রাসঙ্গিকতা এবং ভাবনা (Darwin: the relevance of the twenty-first century and thought, Ed.) (2011) Text in Bengali.
  • সোভিয়েত ইউনিয়নে বিজ্ঞান ও বিপ্লব : লিসেঙ্কো অধ্যায় Science and Revolution in Soviet Union: The Lysenko Chapter (2012)
  • আমি কি একটা বাঁদর? (“Am I a monkey?: six big questions about evolution”) tr. (2014) of “¿Soy un mono?” by J. Francisco Ayala (2010)(Worldcat.) Text in Bengali.

Other websites

  • Jukti (Yukti) magazine (যুক্তি): Essays on freethought, skepticism and rationalism. (অনন্ত বিজয় দাশ সম্পাদিত অত্যন্ত সাহসী একটি ম্যাগাজিন।) ed. Ananta Bijoy Dash Archived
  • Ananta Bijoy Das profile on Mukto-Mona [1](Bengali language) Archived
  • Ananta Bijoy on Facebook
  • Profile at Center for Inquiry



“Bangladeshi secular blogger Ananta Bijoy Das hacked to death in third fatal attack this year”. Retrieved 2 August 2016.


Sources for Pakistan Women Muslim League

The following examines sources taken from the press section of the organization’s official website for Pakistan Women Muslim League at http://pwml.pk/index.php/home-en/10-icetheme/features/245-news-media to see if the topic is notable per WP:NONPROFITThe images are screenshots of newspaper clippings in the Urdu language.

Non-commercial organizations

Organizations are usually notable if they meet both of the following standards:

  • The scope of their activities is national or international in scale
  • The organization has received significant coverage in multiple reliable sources that are independent of the organization.

Note: I have used  پاکستان ومیم مسلم لیگ for a search term, (see images below) but the name does not google well because the name is very similar to another organization:


Logo screenshots from Facebook here.

There are 11 articles from Peshawar, 2 from unknown Pakistani location, and 3 articles from sources from the capital of Islamabad, showing national scope.  A total of 12 newspapers have published articles about Pakistan Women Muslim League. One of them includes an interview with the founder.

The current article sources already show the organization is duly registered with the Pakistani government as required prior to the elections, but the photos also clearly show the organization participating as political party representatives of the political process both at Peshawar,  and the capital city of Islamabad, and in particular as a legitimate national political partner in the FAFEN consultations.

Thumbnail images are below the fold

Unknown articles:

Articles from Peshawar:


The thumbnails:
Continue reading

Try my article tutorial

 [Crossposted from my article tutorial]

userbox tutorial 1Are you ready to write your first article? It is very easy. This tutorial will show you how to write an article using a list of people who received the Medal of Honor.

This project has a barnstar and also a user box for WikiProject Medal of Honor. After you write your first article, you can give yourself a barnstar, if you like.

American Civil War barnstar userbox medal of honor

Steps in writing the article

Sometimes it is easier to just look at an article and copy the format. Here are two examples from Simple Wikipedia: Luke M. Griswold, John Hack If you want to put your article on English Wikipedia, here are two examples from enwiki: :Norman F. Bates, :en:John Brazell.

  1. Choose someone to write the article about. There is a list of red links here. These do not have article on the English WP, so your article will be the one that comes up in a Google search. [More red links here].
  2. Open your sources and find the page with the name of the person. You may want to have your references open in several windows as you write. [Sources are here].
  3. Start the article. You can click on a red link or type the name into the search window. It will tell you there is no article, then give you a link to create a new article. Some people like to start the article on a user page, and move it out when they are finished. Your first edit should be a topic sentence that includes the reason for notability, plus a reference. [See Notability].
  4. Finish the article. Most experienced editors like to make many short edits and save their edits often, so they do not lose their edits. On Simple Wikipedia, an article about a person should have at least two references, a reason for notability, categories, and a defaultsort template. Biographical articles should have categories for: the year the person was born, the year the person died (or [[Category:Living people]] if the person is still alive), the award itself, if such a category exists, the person’s nationality, or the specific place they are from, and anything else of interest about the person: that could be their profession, other accomplishments, etc. [See Categories and Defaultsort].
  5. Add the final touches. Your article will probably have an infobox and a reference section, and maybe a picture. If I can’t find a photo of the person, I like to use a picture of the battleground or place where they earned the medal. You will want to format the references with REFILL. To find pictures, and to have a little fun learning about history, I like to use the “insert media” function of the visual editor, with the name of the battle or geographical location as a search term. [See Infobox, REFILL, and References].
  6. Help yourself to a barnstar and userbox. [See A userbox for you]. There are two different kinds of barnstars on user pages here and here. You can use Template:Barnstar with one of the images below and sign it with four tildes (~~~~) to make the time stamp..
  7. Now that you know how to write an article, you can teach someone else, and give them a barnstar! And there is also a user box for you. The barnstar images are at File:ACW Barnstar.png (American Civil War barnstar, left) and ODM article award.png (Orders, decorations and medals barnstar, right).

ACW_Barnstar            ODM_article_award


Here are some sources of information for the Medal of Honor:

Reason for notability

Medal of Honor recipients are automatically notable per WP:MIL notability guidelines. Also see discussions here, here, and here. It is best to state the reason for notability (“received the Medal of Honor”) in the first or second sentence.


The categories you will use for notability are:

  • [[Category:United States Army Medal of Honor recipients]]
  • [[Category:United States Navy Medal of Honor recipients]]
  • [[Category:United States Marine Corps Medal of Honor recipients]]

Since all the recipients are from the U.S., you can use their state instead of their nationality:

  • [[Category:People from Vermont]]

The format for the date of birth is:

  • [[Category:1954 births]]

The format for the year of death category is:

  • [[Category:1915 deaths]]

If you can’t find the year of death, you can use:

  • [[Category:Year of death missing]]


The format for the defaultsort template is:

  • {{DEFAULTSORT:lastname, firstname}}


You can format references by using ref tags like this: https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Neotarf/Medal_of_Honor_red_links‎. If you format your sources with ref tags, you can use https://tools.wmflabs.org/refill/ to change them into citations. The format of the reference section is:

== References ==



The infobox for Medal of Honor is “infobox military person” The instructions are on English Wikipedia here.

List of red links

  • There are lists of red links on these pages, but these lists are for Simple Wikipedia only, and may already have articles at English WP.
  • If you want more names that are red-linked on enwiki, there is another list on English WP at this page It is missing some names from WWI, WWII, Vietnam, Korea, and others, but it is a start.
  • If you want a more difficult project, there is a list of red links of women journalists here. They have all won an award, so they should be notable, but you will have to look for more information about them.

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Review of “Privacy, Anonymity, and Perceived Risk in Open Collaboration”

Summary and comments on “Privacy, Anonymity, and Perceived Risk in Open Collaboration: A Study of Tor Users and Wikipedians”, by Andrea Forte, Rachel Greenstadt, and Nazanin Andalibi. Download PDF.

See also:

For anyone who missed this when it went around in October, it is worth reading in its entirety, although there is a lot of information packed into it. The premise is that there is an element of risk in open-source collaboration–for example, Bassel Khartobil, who disappeared after collaboration on the world heritage site at Palmyra, now destroyed by ISIS, or the anonymous Wikipedian of the year for 2015, who Jimmy Wales named “in pectore” for fear of reprisals. The researchers wanted to understand how these risks are perceived inside open-source movements by the users themselves. They did a series of structured interviews with users from Tor and Wikipedia, then used Atlas.ti software to identify the themes.

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