The Brookings Institution has a series on political Islam, a country-by-country discussion with working papers and ongoing reactions to them, augmented by a Twitter discussion at #RethinkingIslamism. A sample about Egypt:
“Since July 3, 2013, Egypt’s government has embarked on an extensive campaign to dismember the Muslim Brotherhood’s formidable network of social services. With electoral participation, civic activism, and social service provision now foreclosed, street activism has become the lone vehicle for Brotherhood mobilization.”
As I recall, providing social services in the Middle East used to be quite dangerous, missionaries being killed and all, since there was a huge competition over who would get to step in when a government was slow to respond. Just providing a few blankets after an earthquake could engender great loyalty to an organization like the Brotherhood. This could get interesting.