Author Archives: wikinotebook

Cyclones of Jupiter

Jupiter’s north pole with eight cyclones surrounding a central cyclone.

Source: NASA Juno mission, via here.


Ananta Bijoy Das

Ananta Bijoy Das 1

Ananta Bijoy Das

Ananta Bijoy Das (Bengali: অনন্ত বিজয় দাশ ) (1982—2015 [1]) was a secular blogger from Bangladesh.[2] In February 2015, he left his house in Sylhet to go to work at a bank. Four men with masks attacked him near his house and killed him with machetes.[3][4]

Das wrote about science, and he was critical of religious fundamentalism, but he was not against religion. Two other writers, Avijit Roy and Washiqur Rahman, were also killed in Bangladesh after they wrote about secular themes.[5]



Ananta Bijoy Das giving autograph to Avijit Roy

Ananta Bijoy Das (left) giving autograph to Avijit Roy

Das wrote for Avijit Roy‘s blog Mukto-Mona (Free Thinkers).[6] He also was editor for a local science magazine, Jukti (“Reason”). He wrote several books, including a book about Charles Darwin.[6]

Das was an activist in Ganajagaran Mancha, a group that wanted to end Islamist parties.[7] He was also the head of the Science and Rationalist Council.[8]

In 2005, Das organized a small group of free-thinkers in Sylhet. Most of them were students of Shahjalal University of Science and Technology. They organized study groups, translated books into Bengali, and wrote essays. they talked about science, pseudo-science, religion, sexuality, politics, and world history.[1]

Many people were not happy about the free-thinkers. Homeopathy practitioners wanted to sue them. Many people were unhappy about their essays critical of Hinduism. Others were not happy about their talk of sexuality, a taboo subject in Bangladesh. Das’s book about the Soviet Union made the leftists unhappy. The Islamist students of the science and technology university were very unhappy.[1]


According to Reporters Without Borders, a group called Defenders of Islam wrote a “hit list” of bloggers. There were 84 names on the list. Eight of the 84 bloggers are now dead.[6] After the attack on Avijit Roy, Das received more threats about his writing.[9] In March 2015, Ananta was on a new hit list of a group called Ansarullah Bangla Team, and he wrote to the IHEU, ““It seems to me I am one of the targets . I am not sure how long I will hide myself. But I am sure If they will find me they will do what they did with Mr. Avijit Roy. My life is seriously unsecured . I am not sure how can I protect myself & my family.” [10]

When some people attacked Asif Mohiuddin‘s house, Mohiuddin tried to help Das get out of the country. Mohiuddin helped him with his papers and gave them to some organizations to get him out. Mohiuddin was attacked in 2013, and was able to get out of the country.[11]

Das planned to visit Sweden in May 2015, for World Press Freedom Day. The Swedish chapter of PEN, an international writers group, invited him.[12] The Swedish Embassy in Dhaka refused the visa. They said he might try to stay in Sweden.[13][14] Ananta Bijoy Das and another author translated the book “Am I a Monkey?: Six Big Questions About Evolution” by Spanish-American evolutionary biologist and philosopher Francisco J. Ayala into Bengali. A few months after Das was murdered, the other writer was able to get to Sweden.[1]

Das died at the age of 32 [13] on May 12, 2016. The next day, secularists marched in the city of Sylhet to protest his death.[15]

In August 2015, Bangladeshi police arrested three men for the murder of Das and Avijit Roy.[16] Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS), posted a video on an extremist website saying they were responsible for the death of Avijit Roy and others. The video said their leader ordered the deaths. The police in Bangladesh said it was probably a local group called Ansarullah Bangla Team with about 100 members.[17]


In 2006, the blog Mukto-Mona gave Das their “Rationalist Award”.[18]

Selected writings

  • পার্থিব (co-author) Worldly or Nothing is divine (2011)
  • ডারউইন : একুশ শতকে প্রাসঙ্গিকতা এবং ভাবনা (Darwin: the relevance of the twenty-first century and thought, Ed.) (2011) Text in Bengali.
  • সোভিয়েত ইউনিয়নে বিজ্ঞান ও বিপ্লব : লিসেঙ্কো অধ্যায় Science and Revolution in Soviet Union: The Lysenko Chapter (2012)
  • আমি কি একটা বাঁদর? (“Am I a monkey?: six big questions about evolution”) tr. (2014) of “¿Soy un mono?” by J. Francisco Ayala (2010)(Worldcat.) Text in Bengali.

Other websites

  • Jukti (Yukti) magazine (যুক্তি): Essays on freethought, skepticism and rationalism. (অনন্ত বিজয় দাশ সম্পাদিত অত্যন্ত সাহসী একটি ম্যাগাজিন।) ed. Ananta Bijoy Dash Archived
  • Ananta Bijoy Das profile on Mukto-Mona [1](Bengali language) Archived
  • Ananta Bijoy on Facebook
  • Profile at Center for Inquiry



“Bangladeshi secular blogger Ananta Bijoy Das hacked to death in third fatal attack this year”. Retrieved 2 August 2016.


Sources for Pakistan Women Muslim League

The following examines sources taken from the press section of the organization’s official website for Pakistan Women Muslim League at to see if the topic is notable per WP:NONPROFITThe images are screenshots of newspaper clippings in the Urdu language.

Non-commercial organizations

Organizations are usually notable if they meet both of the following standards:

  • The scope of their activities is national or international in scale
  • The organization has received significant coverage in multiple reliable sources that are independent of the organization.

Note: I have used  پاکستان ومیم مسلم لیگ for a search term, (see images below) but the name does not google well because the name is very similar to another organization:


Logo screenshots from Facebook here.

There are 11 articles from Peshawar, 2 from unknown Pakistani location, and 3 articles from sources from the capital of Islamabad, showing national scope.  A total of 12 newspapers have published articles about Pakistan Women Muslim League. One of them includes an interview with the founder.

The current article sources already show the organization is duly registered with the Pakistani government as required prior to the elections, but the photos also clearly show the organization participating as political party representatives of the political process both at Peshawar,  and the capital city of Islamabad, and in particular as a legitimate national political partner in the FAFEN consultations.

Thumbnail images are below the fold

Unknown articles:

Articles from Peshawar:


The thumbnails:
Continue reading

Try my article tutorial

 [Crossposted from my article tutorial]

userbox tutorial 1Are you ready to write your first article? It is very easy. This tutorial will show you how to write an article using a list of people who received the Medal of Honor.

This project has a barnstar and also a user box for WikiProject Medal of Honor. After you write your first article, you can give yourself a barnstar, if you like.

American Civil War barnstar userbox medal of honor

Steps in writing the article

Sometimes it is easier to just look at an article and copy the format. Here are two examples from Simple Wikipedia: Luke M. Griswold, John Hack If you want to put your article on English Wikipedia, here are two examples from enwiki: :Norman F. Bates, :en:John Brazell.

  1. Choose someone to write the article about. There is a list of red links here. These do not have article on the English WP, so your article will be the one that comes up in a Google search. [More red links here].
  2. Open your sources and find the page with the name of the person. You may want to have your references open in several windows as you write. [Sources are here].
  3. Start the article. You can click on a red link or type the name into the search window. It will tell you there is no article, then give you a link to create a new article. Some people like to start the article on a user page, and move it out when they are finished. Your first edit should be a topic sentence that includes the reason for notability, plus a reference. [See Notability].
  4. Finish the article. Most experienced editors like to make many short edits and save their edits often, so they do not lose their edits. On Simple Wikipedia, an article about a person should have at least two references, a reason for notability, categories, and a defaultsort template. Biographical articles should have categories for: the year the person was born, the year the person died (or [[Category:Living people]] if the person is still alive), the award itself, if such a category exists, the person’s nationality, or the specific place they are from, and anything else of interest about the person: that could be their profession, other accomplishments, etc. [See Categories and Defaultsort].
  5. Add the final touches. Your article will probably have an infobox and a reference section, and maybe a picture. If I can’t find a photo of the person, I like to use a picture of the battleground or place where they earned the medal. You will want to format the references with REFILL. To find pictures, and to have a little fun learning about history, I like to use the “insert media” function of the visual editor, with the name of the battle or geographical location as a search term. [See Infobox, REFILL, and References].
  6. Help yourself to a barnstar and userbox. [See A userbox for you]. There are two different kinds of barnstars on user pages here and here. You can use Template:Barnstar with one of the images below and sign it with four tildes (~~~~) to make the time stamp..
  7. Now that you know how to write an article, you can teach someone else, and give them a barnstar! And there is also a user box for you. The barnstar images are at File:ACW Barnstar.png (American Civil War barnstar, left) and ODM article award.png (Orders, decorations and medals barnstar, right).

ACW_Barnstar            ODM_article_award


Here are some sources of information for the Medal of Honor:

Reason for notability

Medal of Honor recipients are automatically notable per WP:MIL notability guidelines. Also see discussions here, here, and here. It is best to state the reason for notability (“received the Medal of Honor”) in the first or second sentence.


The categories you will use for notability are:

  • [[Category:United States Army Medal of Honor recipients]]
  • [[Category:United States Navy Medal of Honor recipients]]
  • [[Category:United States Marine Corps Medal of Honor recipients]]

Since all the recipients are from the U.S., you can use their state instead of their nationality:

  • [[Category:People from Vermont]]

The format for the date of birth is:

  • [[Category:1954 births]]

The format for the year of death category is:

  • [[Category:1915 deaths]]

If you can’t find the year of death, you can use:

  • [[Category:Year of death missing]]


The format for the defaultsort template is:

  • {{DEFAULTSORT:lastname, firstname}}


You can format references by using ref tags like this:‎. If you format your sources with ref tags, you can use to change them into citations. The format of the reference section is:

== References ==



The infobox for Medal of Honor is “infobox military person” The instructions are on English Wikipedia here.

List of red links

  • There are lists of red links on these pages, but these lists are for Simple Wikipedia only, and may already have articles at English WP.
  • If you want more names that are red-linked on enwiki, there is another list on English WP at this page It is missing some names from WWI, WWII, Vietnam, Korea, and others, but it is a start.
  • If you want a more difficult project, there is a list of red links of women journalists here. They have all won an award, so they should be notable, but you will have to look for more information about them.

tutorial banner on meta

Review of “Privacy, Anonymity, and Perceived Risk in Open Collaboration”

Summary and comments on “Privacy, Anonymity, and Perceived Risk in Open Collaboration: A Study of Tor Users and Wikipedians”, by Andrea Forte, Rachel Greenstadt, and Nazanin Andalibi. Download PDF.

See also:

For anyone who missed this when it went around in October, it is worth reading in its entirety, although there is a lot of information packed into it. The premise is that there is an element of risk in open-source collaboration–for example, Bassel Khartobil, who disappeared after collaboration on the world heritage site at Palmyra, now destroyed by ISIS, or the anonymous Wikipedian of the year for 2015, who Jimmy Wales named “in pectore” for fear of reprisals. The researchers wanted to understand how these risks are perceived inside open-source movements by the users themselves. They did a series of structured interviews with users from Tor and Wikipedia, then used Atlas.ti software to identify the themes.

Continue reading