Author Archives: wikinotebook

Sources for Pakistan Women Muslim League

The following examines sources taken from the press section of the organization’s official website for Pakistan Women Muslim League at to see if the topic is notable per WP:NONPROFITThe images are screenshots of newspaper clippings in the Urdu language.

Non-commercial organizations

Organizations are usually notable if they meet both of the following standards:

  • The scope of their activities is national or international in scale
  • The organization has received significant coverage in multiple reliable sources that are independent of the organization.

Note: I have used  پاکستان ومیم مسلم لیگ for a search term, (see images below) but the name does not google well because the name is very similar to another organization:


Logo screenshots from Facebook here.

There are 11 articles from Peshawar, 2 from unknown Pakistani location, and 3 articles from sources from the capital of Islamabad, showing national scope.  A total of 12 newspapers have published articles about Pakistan Women Muslim League. One of them includes an interview with the founder.

The current article sources already show the organization is duly registered with the Pakistani government as required prior to the elections, but the photos also clearly show the organization participating as political party representatives of the political process both at Peshawar,  and the capital city of Islamabad, and in particular as a legitimate national political partner in the FAFEN consultations.

Thumbnail images are below the fold

Unknown articles:

Articles from Peshawar:


The thumbnails:
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Try my article tutorial

 [Crossposted from my article tutorial]

userbox tutorial 1Are you ready to write your first article? It is very easy. This tutorial will show you how to write an article using a list of people who received the Medal of Honor.

This project has a barnstar and also a user box for WikiProject Medal of Honor. After you write your first article, you can give yourself a barnstar, if you like.

American Civil War barnstar userbox medal of honor

Steps in writing the article

Sometimes it is easier to just look at an article and copy the format. Here are two examples from Simple Wikipedia: Luke M. Griswold, John Hack If you want to put your article on English Wikipedia, here are two examples from enwiki: :Norman F. Bates, :en:John Brazell.

  1. Choose someone to write the article about. There is a list of red links here. These do not have article on the English WP, so your article will be the one that comes up in a Google search. [More red links here].
  2. Open your sources and find the page with the name of the person. You may want to have your references open in several windows as you write. [Sources are here].
  3. Start the article. You can click on a red link or type the name into the search window. It will tell you there is no article, then give you a link to create a new article. Some people like to start the article on a user page, and move it out when they are finished. Your first edit should be a topic sentence that includes the reason for notability, plus a reference. [See Notability].
  4. Finish the article. Most experienced editors like to make many short edits and save their edits often, so they do not lose their edits. On Simple Wikipedia, an article about a person should have at least two references, a reason for notability, categories, and a defaultsort template. Biographical articles should have categories for: the year the person was born, the year the person died (or [[Category:Living people]] if the person is still alive), the award itself, if such a category exists, the person’s nationality, or the specific place they are from, and anything else of interest about the person: that could be their profession, other accomplishments, etc. [See Categories and Defaultsort].
  5. Add the final touches. Your article will probably have an infobox and a reference section, and maybe a picture. If I can’t find a photo of the person, I like to use a picture of the battleground or place where they earned the medal. You will want to format the references with REFILL. To find pictures, and to have a little fun learning about history, I like to use the “insert media” function of the visual editor, with the name of the battle or geographical location as a search term. [See Infobox, REFILL, and References].
  6. Help yourself to a barnstar and userbox. [See A userbox for you]. There are two different kinds of barnstars on user pages here and here. You can use Template:Barnstar with one of the images below and sign it with four tildes (~~~~) to make the time stamp..
  7. Now that you know how to write an article, you can teach someone else, and give them a barnstar! And there is also a user box for you. The barnstar images are at File:ACW Barnstar.png (American Civil War barnstar, left) and ODM article award.png (Orders, decorations and medals barnstar, right).

ACW_Barnstar            ODM_article_award


Here are some sources of information for the Medal of Honor:

Reason for notability

Medal of Honor recipients are automatically notable per WP:MIL notability guidelines. Also see discussions here, here, and here. It is best to state the reason for notability (“received the Medal of Honor”) in the first or second sentence.


The categories you will use for notability are:

  • [[Category:United States Army Medal of Honor recipients]]
  • [[Category:United States Navy Medal of Honor recipients]]
  • [[Category:United States Marine Corps Medal of Honor recipients]]

Since all the recipients are from the U.S., you can use their state instead of their nationality:

  • [[Category:People from Vermont]]

The format for the date of birth is:

  • [[Category:1954 births]]

The format for the year of death category is:

  • [[Category:1915 deaths]]

If you can’t find the year of death, you can use:

  • [[Category:Year of death missing]]


The format for the defaultsort template is:

  • {{DEFAULTSORT:lastname, firstname}}


You can format references by using ref tags like this:‎. If you format your sources with ref tags, you can use to change them into citations. The format of the reference section is:

== References ==



The infobox for Medal of Honor is “infobox military person” The instructions are on English Wikipedia here.

List of red links

  • There are lists of red links on these pages, but these lists are for Simple Wikipedia only, and may already have articles at English WP.
  • If you want more names that are red-linked on enwiki, there is another list on English WP at this page It is missing some names from WWI, WWII, Vietnam, Korea, and others, but it is a start.
  • If you want a more difficult project, there is a list of red links of women journalists here. They have all won an award, so they should be notable, but you will have to look for more information about them.

tutorial banner on meta

Review of “Privacy, Anonymity, and Perceived Risk in Open Collaboration”

Summary and comments on “Privacy, Anonymity, and Perceived Risk in Open Collaboration: A Study of Tor Users and Wikipedians”, by Andrea Forte, Rachel Greenstadt, and Nazanin Andalibi. Download PDF.

See also:

For anyone who missed this when it went around in October, it is worth reading in its entirety, although there is a lot of information packed into it. The premise is that there is an element of risk in open-source collaboration–for example, Bassel Khartobil, who disappeared after collaboration on the world heritage site at Palmyra, now destroyed by ISIS, or the anonymous Wikipedian of the year for 2015, who Jimmy Wales named “in pectore” for fear of reprisals. The researchers wanted to understand how these risks are perceived inside open-source movements by the users themselves. They did a series of structured interviews with users from Tor and Wikipedia, then used Atlas.ti software to identify the themes.

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Transcript: Andrea Forte on anonymity

Wikimedia Research Showcase, December 21, 2016, “Editing Encyclopedias and other dangerous jobs” by Andreas Forte

anon01-editing-wwikipedia-and-other-dangerous-jobs[33:00] Andrea Forte: Okay. Hi there.  So, I’m going to be talking about something completely different. This is work that I’ve been doing for the past couple of years with my collaborator Rachel Greenstadt, who’s also on the hangout here and also PhD student Nazanine Andalibi.

So, this is not the title of the paper that we wrote about this study, but as I’ve continued to think about the kind of research that we’re doing on privacy-related issues in Wikipedia, this is how I’ve started to think about it. There’s risk inherent in participating online, and people who are working on seemingly mundane tasks are encountering this risk like anyone else online.

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Timothy Snyder: “Scrub your computer”

Some lessons from history professor Timothy Snyder, a specialist on Eastern Europe and the Holocaust.

* Do not obey in advance. Much of the power of authoritarianism is freely given. In times like these, individuals think ahead about what a more repressive government will want, and then start to do it without being asked. You’ve already done this, haven’t you? Stop. Anticipatory obedience teaches authorities what is possible and accelerates unfreedom.

* Practice corporeal politics. Power wants your body softening in your chair and your emotions dissipating on the screen. Get outside. Put your body in unfamiliar places with unfamiliar people. Make new friends and march with them.

* Make eye contact and small talk. This is not just polite. It is a way to stay in touch with your surroundings, break down unnecessary social barriers, and come to understand whom you should and should not trust. If we enter a culture of denunciation, you will want to know the psychological landscape of your daily life.

dr-seuss-ostrich* Take responsibility for the face of the world. Notice the swastikas and the other signs of hate. Do not look away and do not get used to them. Remove them yourself and set an example for others to do so.

* Give regularly to good causes, if you can. Pick a charity and set up autopay. Then you will know that you have made a free choice that is supporting civil society helping others doing something good.

* Be kind to our language. Avoid pronouncing the phrases everyone else does. Think up your own way of speaking, even if only to convey that thing you think everyone is saying.

* Believe in truth. To abandon facts is to abandon freedom. If nothing is true, then no one can criticize power, because there is no basis upon which to do so. If nothing is true, then all is spectacle. The biggest wallet pays for the most blinding lights.

* Establish a private life. Nastier rulers will use what they know about you to push you around. Scrub your computer of malware. Remember that email is skywriting. Consider using alternative forms of the internet, or simply using it less. Have personal exchanges in person. For the same reason, resolve any legal trouble. Authoritarianism works as a blackmail state, looking for the hook on which to hang you. Try not to have too many hooks.

* Learn from others in other countries. Keep up your friendships abroad, or make new friends abroad. The present difficulties here are an element of a general trend. And no country is going to find a solution by itself. Make sure you and your family have passports.

* Watch out for the paramilitaries. When the men with guns who have always claimed to be against the system start wearing uniforms and marching around with torches and pictures of a Leader, the end is nigh. When the pro-Leader paramilitary and the official police and military intermingle, the game is over.